Nearly 2,000 years ago, artists of Gandhara began to sculpt the Buddha in ways that have influenced Buddhist art ever since. Earlier Buddhist art did not depict the Buddha. Instead, he was represented by a symbol . But later Gandhar artists idolized the Buddha as a human being.
In a style similar by Greek and Roman art, Gandhar artists sculpted the Buddha in realistic detail. His face was serene. His hands were posed in symbolic gestures. His hair was short, curled and knotted at the top. His robe was gracefully draped and folded. These conventions spread throughout Asia and are found in depictions of the Buddha to this day.
In spite of its importance to Buddhism, much of the history of Gandhar was lost for centuries. Modern archaeologists and historians have tried to explain different stories of Gandhar, and its wonderful art.