There are many important sites in the area which are neglected state and now the ancient mound of Sugh is also one them. In ancient times it was one of seat of learning like Taxila and Nalanda. In ancient times it was the important centre of Buddhism . Till toady we can find the ancient remains in the mound which could be the remains of stupas or monasteries. It was the prime centre of education and and in the ancient times it was called shrughan . thi spalce had a high regards during the times of king Asoak also. Acoording to the Buddhist text , lord Buddha himself visited this palace and gave sermons. Presently this site is in complete isolation and even the younger generation doesn’t knows about its importance. The site comes under the jurisdiction of the Haryana State Archaeology Department.
District administration also wish to develop this site in keeping in with its tourism potential.
President of the Buddhist forum ,sidhartha gauri told that the reference of the Sugh is also mentioned by the ancient Sanskrit scholar Panni with name shrughan. Sidhartha told that beside it was centre of education ,it was prime centre for trade also as it was locate don the ancient trade route . The reference can also be seen in the book “Coins from Sugh”by archaeologist Davendera Handa.
The ancient sites have revealed large number of ancient coins . Chanderkanta a local resident told that his relatives have also collected coins and other artefacts from the site . Chinese traveller Yuan Chuang has also visited this site but said that it was that prosperity as he heard about it by his time. Dr. Lal Singh who is associated with Buddhist Mission said that when he was in China, he collected a Hindi translation of his travel journey in which there was description of the ancient sugh.
Yuan Chang during his travel mentioned that there were five Buddhist monasteries and thousands monks used to live here. It was one of the prime centre for Buddhist studies also. It was also the place of perfect communal harmony. A 2000 years old hanuman terracotta head is also found from here, which gives a clear indication that Hindu and Buddhist sects use to stay in harmony. According to some scholars it was also said that Greeks also came here to study.
Sidhartha gauri the president of the Buddhist forum told that the site was first discovered by the Alexander Cunningham who was considered to be the father of Archaeological Survey of India. He has considered it to be his one of the important achievement of his life. He has recovered large numbers of Buddha terracotta statue for this site. According to Cunningham this place was surrounded by water from three sides. It is belived that ancient river yamauna used to flow from here and due to security reasons people might have used this mound to be an save place for habitat.
During the rains large amount of beeds, terracotta idols ,coins and ornaments are recovered from the site which are generally picked by local villagers. Gagan village Head of Sugh said that he has seen large number of people coming during the rainy seasons and collecting the ancient artefacts and taking them along with them .