Emperor Asoka, was an Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled over almost all of the Indian subcontinent around 2300 years ago. He embraced teaching of Buddha after witnessing the bloodshed of the Kalinga war, which he himself had waged out of a desire for conquest. Inheritor of an extensive and highly organized empire Asoka proved fully worthy of his heritage , he was a man of unbounded energy and gave himself without stint to the task of perfecting the administration of his empire and ensuring the happiness of his subjects. He was votary of non-violence and peace. He approached his subjects through their souls rather than bodies. He used the state machinery to uplift the poor and the needy and followed the principle that King should behave with his subjects like a father to his sons and daughters.
His rock and pillar edicts speak of his concerns both as a Samaritan and Statesman. The edicts belonging to first half of his rule were inscribed on the rocks surfaces and in later part of his regime his edicts were inscribed on well polished sandstone monolithic pillars with animal capital over them.