History : The monumental Buddha statues of Bamyan were, until their destruction, one of the best known historic and cultural sights of Afghanistan. Carved from the cliff in the early 6th century AD they date to an era when Buddhism was the dominant religion in the region, and when Bamyan was an important centre on the network of trade routes between Chinaa, Europe, Persia and India. The eastern, Buddha (38 m high) was carved first, in about AD 507, and the western Buddha (53 m) about AD 551. The statues were once brightly decorated. The Chinese Buddhist pilgrim, Xuan Zang, who visited Bamyan in about 630 AD, recorded the first description of the Buddhas. He wrote that the large Buddha’s “golden hues sparkle on every side, and its precious ornaments dazzle the eyes by their brightness.” The hundreds of nearby caves were used by monks and were once decorated with elaborate wall paintings. The Buddhas were destroyed by the Taleban authorities in 2001.
(i) Extensive exploration and excavation required around the site.
(ii) Need more promotional and tourism plan.
(iii) Restoration work needed
(iv) Preservation processes are to be initiate